The latest report from the Department of Energy on the US offshore wind market, Offshore Wind Market Report: 2021, has highlighted the continued fast growth in the pipeline of projects in America
The scope of the report covers the global fleet of projects in the pipeline through 31 December 2020. It also covers recent developments and events in the US through 31 May 2021.
The report said that, driven by falling offshore wind prices, federal action and state-level commitments, the US offshore wind pipeline grew 24% over the previous year, with 35.324 GW now in various stages of development.
The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management recently created five new Wind Energy Areas in the New York Bight with a total capacity of 9.8 GW, representing a large portion of the 2020-2021 pipeline growth. The Vineyard Wind I project recently became the first approved, commercial-scale offshore wind energy project in the US.
There are 15 projects in the US offshore pipeline that have reached the permitting phase, and eight states have set offshore wind energy procurement goals for a total of 39.298 GW by 2040.
The report said global offshore wind installations in 2020 totaled 5.519 GW. Turbine sizes continued to grow, with average rotor diameters exceeding 150 m and turbine capacities more than 7.5 MW.
New trends also emerged in 2020, including increased interest in using offshore wind to produce clean hydrogen.
The global pipeline for floating offshore wind energy more than tripled in 2020 to 26.529 GW.
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