The European Union (EU) 27 will exceed its target of meeting 20 per cent of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020, according to an analysis by the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) of 27 National Renewable Energy Action Plans submitted by the EU Member States to the European Commission.
“The Action Plans show that the EU-27 will meet 20.7 per cent of its 2020 energy consumption from renewables,” said Justin Wilkes, policy director of the EWEA. The National Action Plans show that one third [34 per cent] of EU electricity demand will be supplied from renewables by 2020.
Wind energy will generate 14 per cent of Europe’s total electricity demand in 2020 (494 TWh from 213GW of installed capacity), more than any other renewable source, up from 4.2 per cent in 2009. Ireland will be the country with the highest wind energy penetration level, at 36.4 per cent of its total electricity demand, followed by Denmark, at 31 per cent.
15 member states plan to exceed their national target, led by Bulgaria at 2.8 per cent above its target; Spain at 2.7 per cent above; Greece at 2.2 per cent; Hungary at 1.7 per cent; and Germany at 1.6 per cent. Ten member states will meet their national targets, and just two – Luxembourg, at 2.1 per cent below its national target and Italy at 0.9 per cent below – have informed the European Commission that they envisage using the co-operation mechanisms to meet their national targets.
“It is very encouraging that 25 of the 27 EU countries intend to either exceed or meet their targets,” said Mr Wilkes. “This shows the vast majority of EU countries clearly understand the benefits of deploying renewable energy technologies, particularly wind power.”
The 34 per cent of EU electricity demand met by renewables in 2020 is made up of 14 per cent from wind energy (10 per cent onshore, 4 per cent offshore), 10.5 per cent from hydro, 6.6 per cent from biomass, 2.4 per cent from solar photovoltaic, 0.5 per cent from CSP, 0.3 per cent from geothermal and 0.1 per cent from ocean. OSJ