Japanese operator Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K-Line) will partner with Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and classification society ClassNK on research, design and deployment of a small-scale demonstration plant for CO2 capture on board a vessel
Supported by Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), the project is part of a wider programme to encourage research and development for advanced marine resource technologies.
K-Line is touting the project as the world’s first marine demonstration test of the carbon capture process and the project is expected to yield insights into facilities design and technologies for capturing CO2 emissions and achieving zero emissions on board vessels.
Carbon capture and storage is an emissions reduction process of capturing waste CO2 from a source and preventing it from entering the atmosphere. In this project, the captured CO2 is expected to be recycled as a new CO2 source for enhanced oil recovery processes or as raw material in synthetic fuel through methanation.
With MLIT’s support, K-Line and its partners will install a small-scale CO2 capture demonstration plant on board K-Line’s thermal coal carrier Corona Utility, conduct test operations of the plant, and measure its performance.
The marine-use CO2 capture demonstration plant will be based on an onshore plant and designed to capture a portion of a vessel’s gas emissions. The project will aim to verify the efficacy of capturing and storing CO2 from vessel emissions and the operability and safety of CO2 capture facilities at sea.
The long-term goal of these tests is promoting development of more compact equipment required by marine environments and the development of system requirements necessary for stable seafaring operations.
The two-year project will run from August 2020 with the launch of a hazard identification evaluation of the demonstration plant and deployment on vessels, with verification from ClassNK.
Mitsubishi Shipbuilding will begin development and construction of a small-scale CO2 capture demonstration plant and evaluation of system safety. In mid-2021, Mitsubishi Shipbuilding will begin a test operation of the demonstration plant at its factory, and the plant will be deployed on board Corona Utility, operated for Tohoku Electric Power Co.
By the end of fiscal year 2021, the project partners expect to start operating the demonstration plant on board the vessel and measuring the system’s performance under marine conditions, with the aim of jointly developing a new marine system for vessels.
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries had previously published a concept study exploring the potential emissions reductions of using the process on VLCCs. K-Line has also launched a next-generation LNG-fuelled car carrier.
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