Poland has revealed details of its draft energy strategy to 2040, a strategy that is good for offshore wind but will almost phase out onshore wind.
The country plans to increase its power capacity from 40 GW to 73 GW and expects the share of coal to fall from 80% of electricity consumption today to 60% by 2030. It plans to build 6-9 GW of new nuclear by 2043 and 10 GW of offshore wind by 2040, but no new onshore wind will be built beyond the volumes envisaged in the current auction process. Onshore wind capacity would fall from 7 GW in 2025 to just 800 MW in 2040.
Earlier this month the Polish Government confirmed plans to develop 8 GW of offshore wind by 2035. Poland’s energy and electricity markets are undergoing major changes. As costs fall in the offshore wind industry, so it is becoming price-competitive with more carbon-intensive forms of energy that have long dominated in the country.
While pleased about Poland’s recent commitment to offshore wind, WindEurope chief executive Giles Dickson said the decision on onshore wind was “really disappointing” and “makes no sense economically.”
Said Mr Dickson, “You expand your power capacity but you don’t use the cheapest form of new power generation? It’s crazy, not least when it has just run its first onshore wind auction and got extremely competitive prices. Plus, they announce this just one week before they host the annual UN climate negotiations (COP24) in Katowice – it sends all the wrong signals. Poland really needs to go back to the drawing board with this one.”