Over the last few months, the US Department of Energy (US DOE) issued separate records of decision authorising LNG exports from five second-wave American LNG export projects stretching from Florida to Texas
Not taking into account other second-wave projects, if all five LNG export projects are built, they would add 57 mta of new LNG liquefaction capability, doubling US production capacity.
Annova LNG Common Infrastructure, Eagle LNG Partners Jacksonville, Rio Grande LNG, Texas LNG Brownsville and Venture Global Plaquemines LNG all received authorisation from US DOE to export domestically produced LNG to non-free trade agreement countries.
Annova is authorised to export LNG in a volume equivalent to 360Bn ft3 (bcf) per year of natural gas (0.99 Bcf/day) from the proposed Annova LNG Brownsville Project located on the Brownsville Ship Channel in Cameron County, Texas. Authorised to export up to 6.95 mta, Annova LNG plans to start operations of the facility at 6.5 mta and increase output as “operating conditions and commercial demands allow,” said the company in a statement.
Equity owners in Annova LNG are Exelon Corporation, Black & Veatch Corporation and Kiewit Corporation. The second-wave project is aiming to cater to midscale LNG customers who are buying in 1.0 mta increments.
Annova LNG signed a 30-year lease for 700 acres of land with the Port of Brownsville in February. Plans call for the LNG facility to utilise electric-driven compressor engines and source its electricity through 100% carbon-free renewable energy resources, with commissioning in 2024 and commercial operations in early 2025.
Eagle LNG is authorised to export LNG in a volume equivalent to 49.8 bcf per year of natural gas (0.14 Bcf/day) from the proposed Jacksonville Project in Jacksonville, Florida. The Eagle Jacksonville Project, owned by Ferus Natural Gas Fuels, plans to export small-scale quantities of LNG and serve the US market, providing LNG as a shipping fuel.
In January, Houston-based Eagle LNG selected Oklahoma-based Matrix Service Inc for the engineering, procurement, fabrication and construction of its new US$542M small-scale LNG export facility in Jacksonville, Florida.
With a capacity of 1 mta of LNG, Eagle LNG’s new Jacksonville LNG Export Facility will have three small-scale trains, each with a 0.33 mta capacity. Located on the north bank of the St Johns River, the facility would load LNG onto small, oceangoing vessels for export to Caribbean countries currently using heavy fuel oil or diesel for power generation.
Rio Grande LNG is authorised to export LNG in a volume equivalent to 1,318 bcf per year of natural gas (3.61 bcf/day) from the proposed Rio Grande LNG Project located on the northern embankment of the Brownsville Ship Channel in Cameron County, Texas.
Under development by Nasdaq-listed NextDecade, Rio Grande LNG has plans for a facility with a nameplate capacity of 27 mta and four storage tanks each with a capacity of 180,000 m3 on a 984-acre site at the Port of Brownsville.
Texas LNG is authorised to export LNG in a volume equivalent to 204.4 bcf per year of natural gas (0.56 Bcf/day) from the proposed Texas LNG Brownsville Liquefied Natural Gas Export Project located at the Port of Brownsville, Texas.
Located on a 625-acre site, the Texas LNG project will have an initial capacity of 2 mta at the facility, doubled to 4 mta in a secondary phase. An FID on the project is expected in 2021, with possible commercial operations in 2024 or 2025. Texas LNG will offer a flexible tolling model in which LNG customers will pay a fee to convert natural gas into LNG.
Plaquemines LNG is authorised to export LNG in a volume equivalent to 1,240 bcf per year of natural gas (3.40 Bcf/day) from the proposed Plaquemines LNG Project in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. The Plaquemines LNG Project would have a capacity of 20 mta and a similar configuration to the company’s Calcasieu Pass LNG project, currently under construction in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. In February Venture Global Plaquemines LNG inked a 20-year sales and purchase agreement with France’s Électricité de France for the supply of 1 mta.
With exports of 34M tonnes of LNG, the US emerged as the third-largest exporter of LNG behind Australia and Qatar in 2019.